Karya

Origin: Greek, Hindu

Meaning: nut tree

In Greek mythology, Karya is one of the Hamadryades, eight nymphs who presided over a particular tree. Karya is the nymph of the nut tree- walnut, hazel and the sweet chestnut.

There’s also another myth in which Karya was a Lakonian maiden who was loved by the god Dionysos. Her two sisters tried to prevent the liaison and in return, Dionysos drove them mad and they were later transformed into stone. Somehow Karya died and was changed into a nut tree.

Karya is also a word/concept in Hindi, referring to something (an action  whether good or bad) that is done.

Kārya is also a concept in Vedanta, a Hindu philosophy, which stands for effect (kārana is cause)..

Variants: Carya

Aras

Origin: Lithuanian, Kurdish, Persian, Greek

Meaning: a Lithuanian masculine name meaning “eagle”.

I’ve also seen it listed as a Kurdish and Persian name meaning “equal” or “balanced”.

Aras is also the name of a Greek figure in Greek mythology, believed to have built an ancient town in Pgilasia, Peloponnese. I couldn’t find any info on the name’s meaning, however.

Eretria, Eritrea

Origin: Greek

Meaning: the name of a town in Euboea, Greece, meaning “city of the rowers” or “rowing city” from Greek eretes “rower” and verb eressein/erettein “to row”, probably named so because it had a powerful naval force.

Spelled Eritrea, it becomes a country in the Horn of Africa (a peninsula in Northeast Africa). The name comes from an ancient Greek name, eruthra thalassa (red sea), erythros meaning “red”.

The first time I came across this name was on a television series called The Shannara Chronicles, based on a series of books by Terry Brooks. One of the main characters is called Eretria. I thought it was a made up name at first but when I finally got around to looking up this name, to my surprise I found it was a legitimate, historical name, though whether the author knew this or not I don’t know.

Zoilus

Origin: Ancient Greek

Meaning: the Latinized form of Greek Zoilos, possibly meaning “alive, living”.

Zoilus was a Greek grammarian, philosopher, and literary critic who was very critical of Homer’s work, so much so that he was known as Homeromastix meaning “Homer whipper” or “Homer scourge”.

There’s also another Zoilus, a saint who was martyred in Cordoba Spain during the reign of Diocletian. His feast day is June 27.

Variants: Zoilos

Epiphany

Origin: Greek

Meaning: from Greek epiphaneia meaning “manifestation” and “appearance”.

Having entered the English lexicon, it usually refers to a sudden or striking realization- religious, scientific, philiosophic, etc.

Variants: Epiphanie, Epiphania; Epiphanes (m); Epiphanios (m); Epiphanius (m); Epifanio (m, Italian, Spanish); Epifania (f, Italian, Spanish).

Perimede

Origin: Greek

Meaning: from Greek peri meaning “around”, “exceedingly” and medos  meaning “plans” or “schemes” ultinateky meaning “surrounded by schemes” or “around schemes”.

Perimede is the name of several minor figures in Greek mythology, as well as another name for Agamede, a witch mentioned in the Iliad as someone who knew the healing powers of every plant in the world.

The name is pronounced pe-ree-MEED-ee

Herodotus

Origin: Greek

Meaning: Latinized form of Greek Herodotos from Greek elements heros meaning “hero, warrior” and dotos meaning “given, granted” essentially meaning “gift of the hero” or “given hero” or “given to the hero”.

I’ve also seen the name as being “gift of Hera” which could be true- if it was spelled Heradorus, Hera being the name of the Greek goddess with doron being the Greek element meaning “gift”while dotos is the Greek element meaning “given, granted”.

Variants: Herodotos (Greek)

There was a Greek historian in the fifth century B.C. named Herodotus known as the father of history.

Agamede

Origin: Greek

Αγαμηδη (Greek)

Meaning: composed of Greek elements aga meaning “greatly, strongly” and medos meaning “plans”, “schemes”, and “counsels”, generally interpreted to mean “very skilled” or “very cunning”.

Agamede was mentioned in passing in Homer’s Iliad, said to know the healing powers of every plant in the world. She was later associated as more of a sorceress-like figure (like Circe and Medea).

In Greek mythology, she was the mother of Dictys by the god Poseidon.

Agamede was also known as Perimede.

It’s pronounced as a-ga-MEE-dee

Eucleia

Origin: Greek

Ευκλεια (Greek)

Meaning: “good glory” or “good repute” from Greek eu meaning “good” and kleos meaning  “glory”.

In Greek mythology, Eucleia was a daimona (spirit) of good repute and glory and, along with her sisters Eupheme (acclaim), Eutheia (prosperity), and Philophrosyne (welcome) were probably known as the younger Kharites (Graces).

In Greek vase paintings, Eucleia was often depicted among the attendants of Aphrodite, representing the good repute of a chaste bride.

Eucleia was also sometimes identified with Artemis.

Variants: Eukleia

Tyro

Origin: Greek

Meaning: from Greek tyrôs meaning “cheese”

In Greek mythology, Tyro was a Thessalian princess who was in love with a river god, Enipeus, who refused her advances. Poseidon disguised himself as Enipeus and seduced Tyro, resulting in the birth of twin sons Pelias and Neleus, whom she left on a mountain to die of exposure though they were saved by a herdsman and raised as his own. Years down the line they came back and killed Tyro’s stepmother, Sidero, who had been mistreating her.

Tyro is also the mother of Aeson from her marriage to a mortal king, Cretheus, who later becomes the father of Jason of the Argo, making her his grandmother.

Tyro’s name was given to her because her complexion was fair as white goat’s cheese.

Elaphria

Origin: Greek

Meaning: from what I could find, it’s a Greek word that means “lightness”, referring to a levity or fickleness of mind.

I’m not sure if this has ever been used for an actual name, though there is a species of moth called Elaphria. If anyone has any more info on this name, let me know.

Variants: Elafria

 

Links:

http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/nas/elaphria.html

Pandora

Origin: Greek

Πανδωρα (Greek)

Meaning: from Greek elements pan “all” and doron “gift” meaning “all gifted” or “all giving”.

In Greek mythology, Pandora was the first mortal woman created by the gods for the Titan Prometheus, who had stolen fire and given it to the humans. Displeased with this, Zeus and the other gods created Pandora, each giving her a particular gift such as beauty, cunning, needlework, etc., explaining the meaning of her name such since she’d been given a gift by the gods. Pandora is given a jar by Zeus and warned never to open it; her curioisty got the best of her and when she finally did open the jar she let out all the evils in the world, except for hope, which remained in the jar, although I’ve never understood that particular part of the myth. If hope remained in the jar, wouldn’t that mean it never got into the world?

Ida

Origin: Germanic, Greek, Old Norse, Irish, Hindu, Japanese

Meaning: a multicultural name with many meanings, Ida is from the Germanic element id meaning “work, labor”.

It’s also a Greek feminine name, the name of a mountain on the island of Crete, the birthplace of the Greek god Zeus, as well as being the name of the nymph who nursed him as a baby, along with another nymph, Adrasteia. The Greek meaning is unknown though I have seen it possibly coming from Greek idê and ida meaning “woodland”.

I’ve also seen Ida listed as being a variant of Iðunn, an Old Norse goddess from Old Norse  (again) and unna (to love).

It also seems to be an Anglicization of Irish Íde possibly meaning “thirst”.

Ida is also a name found in Hindu myth, a variant of Ila, a god or goddess who seemed to change gender frequently.

Ida is also a Japanese surname though I couldn’t find any meaning on it.

Bronte

Origin: Irish, Greek

Βροντη (Greek)

Meaning: an Irish surname, the Anglicized form of Ó Proinntigh meaning “descendant of Proinnteach”, the latter meaning “bestower”. Usually spelled Brontë.

Spelled Brontê, it’s the name of the Greek goddess of thunder whose name also means “thunder”, who along with her sister Astrapê the goddess of lightning (whose name also means lightning) were the handmaidens to Zeus.

Titan

Origin: Greek

Meaning: though there are different theories to the name’s meaning, it could be derived from Greek titainô meaning “to stretch out” and “to strain”.

Titan is also a word referring to something gigantic in size or power, something that stands out for greatness of achievement and from which the word titanic originates from. In Greek mythology, the Titans preceded the Olympian gods, giant deities who ruled during the Golden Age and were later overthrown by the Olympian gods.

Larissa, Larisa

Origin: Greek

Лариса (Russian, Ukrainian) Larisa

Λαρισα (Ancient Greek) Larisa

Meaning: the name of an ancient city in Greece, the name most likely means “citadel” or “fortress”.

Larissa is a nymph in Greek mythology.

Lara is a short form of the name.

Variants: Larysa (Ukrainian); Larisa is the version often used in Russia.