Bay

Origin: English, Germanic, Gaelic/Scottish, Turkish

Meaning: from Latin baca meaning “berry”, originally referring to the berries of a bay tree.

As a surname it comes from Old English Beaga (m) and Beage (f) which mean “garland”, “crown” and “treasure thing”. Bay is also an English word referring to an area of water bordered by land on three sides, as well as referring to the color “reddish brown”.

It also seems to be a variant spelling of Turkish bey, a title used by wealthy leaders referring to a cheiftain or lord.

Bay is also a short form of Bayer, a German surname meaning “Bavaria”, referring to someone from there.

Bay could also be a short form of Gaelic surname O’Bae, itself a short form of McBeth/Macbeth meaning “son of life”, though it also seems to have an implicit meaning of “righteous man” or “religious man”.

Variants: Bae, Baye

Holland

Origin: Dutch, English, Irish

Meaning: from Middle Dutch holtland meaning “wooded land” or “wood land”.

It’s also derived from an English locational name meaning “ridge land”.

I’ve also seen it as being an Anglicized form of Gaelic surname O’hÓileáin from personal name Faolan meaning “wolf”, or the Anglicized form of Ó’hUallacháin meaning “descendent of Uallachán”, the latter meaning “proud” or “arrogant” (the surnames have also been Anglicized as Houlihan and Holohan).

Gilead

Origin: Hebrew

גִּלְעָד (Ancient Hebrew) Gil’ad

Meaning: the name of a place in the Old Testament, located east of Jordan, I’ve seen it meaning “monument of testimony”; “harsh”, rude” from Arabic jal’ad; “perptual fountain”, “heap of stones” or “camel hump”.

Variants: Gilad

It’s pronounced gil-ee-uhd and I’ve posted a link below.

http://forvo.com/search/gilead/

Aras

Origin: Lithuanian, Kurdish, Persian, Greek

Meaning: a Lithuanian masculine name meaning “eagle”.

I’ve also seen it listed as a Kurdish and Persian name meaning “equal” or “balanced”.

Aras is also the name of a Greek figure in Greek mythology, believed to have built an ancient town in Pgilasia, Peloponnese. I couldn’t find any info on the name’s meaning, however.

Eretria, Eritrea

Origin: Greek

Meaning: the name of a town in Euboea, Greece, meaning “city of the rowers” or “rowing city” from Greek eretes “rower” and verb eressein/erettein “to row”, probably named so because it had a powerful naval force.

Spelled Eritrea, it becomes a country in the Horn of Africa (a peninsula in Northeast Africa). The name comes from an ancient Greek name, eruthra thalassa (red sea), erythros meaning “red”.

The first time I came across this name was on a television series called The Shannara Chronicles, based on a series of books by Terry Brooks. One of the main characters is called Eretria. I thought it was a made up name at first but when I finally got around to looking up this name, to my surprise I found it was a legitimate, historical name, though whether the author knew this or not I don’t know.

Tracy

Origin: English, Irish

Meaning: an English surname derived from a Norman-French place meaning “domain belonging to Thracius”, the latter meaning “of Thracia”.

It also has a separate origin as an Irish surname, from Gaelic O’Treasaigh meaning “descendant of the war-like one”.

Tracy has also been used as a short form of Theresa, either meaning “summer” from Greek theros or “to harvest” from Greek therizo.

Trace/Trayce is a diminutive form of the name.

Variants: Traci, Tracie, Traycie, Tracee, Traycee

Sterling

Origin: English, Scottish

Meaning: from an English surname from Old English sterre meaning “star” with the diminutive suffix -ling meaning “little star”, so named because some of the Norman coins it was named after had star emblems on them. Sterling could also be a variant of Starling, referring to the bird.

Sterling could also be a variant spelling of Stirling, a place in Scotland. Though the meaning isn’t clear, it could be related to stri “strife” and linne “pool”.

Sterling has entered English vocabulary as referring to something excellent (sterling silver) as well as being British currency (pound sterling).

Variants: Stirling

Avila

Origin: Germanic

Meaning: it comes from Germanic element avi of unknown meaning, though possibly meaning “desired”.

Aveline, Avelina/Evelina and Evelyn derive from it, as well as Ava.

Avila is also the name of a city in Spain, as well as a Spanish and Galician surname.

Variants: Aveline, Avelina, Evelina, Evelyn, Avice Avis, Ava

Moran

Origin: Hebrew, Irish, Spanish

מוֹרָן (Hebrew)

Meaning: a unisex Hebrew name meaning “viburnum shrub”.

It’s also an Anglicized form of Irish surnames O’Morain and O’Moghrain meaning “descendant of Móran”, Móran being a diminutive of Mór meaning “large” or “great”.

Moran is also a Spanish surname, a habitational surname denoting those who came from a town called Morán.

Wade

Origin: English

Meaning: an English surname that either comes from an Old English place name meaning “a ford” or from Old English given name Wada, from wadan meaning “to go”.

Wade is also the English word meaning “to walk in water”, “to proceed or move with difficulty” or “to become involved in something in a forceful, direct or careless way”.

Hana

Origin: Arabic, Japanese, Korean, Czech, Slovak, Croatian

هناء (Arabic)

花 (Japanese)

華 (Japanese)

하나 (Korean)

Meaning: Hana is multicultural name with many different meanings. In Arabic it means “bliss, happiness”. In Persian, Farsi and Kurdish, spelled ( حَنا ) it becomes the name of the henna plant while Kurdish  ( هانا ) means “hope”- though the last two are based on shaky evidence. Hana is also a place name in Iran.

Hana is also a Japanese name meaning “flower”.

It’s also a Korean name meaning “one”.

Hana is also the Czech, Slovak and Croatian form of Hannah meaning “favor” or “grace”.

According to Wikipedia, Hana means “moon” in Albanian.

In Hawaiian, Hana means “craft” or work” as well as being a place name in Maui.

In Maori, it means “to shine, glow, radiate, give out heat” as a verb and “flame, glow, warmth, heat, radiance” as a noun.

Hana could also be a variant spelling of Hannah.

Variants: Hanaa (Arabic); Ha-na (Korean)

Makeda

Origin: Ethiopic, Hebrew

Meaning: This is a name that has quite a few possible meanings but nothing quite concrete. It’s the Ethiopian name given to the Queen of Sheba which might mean “greatness”, “beautiful”, or derived from the Semitic word for “queen”.

It could also come from a Biblical Canaanite town called Makkedah which means “place of shepherds”.

I’ve also seen it listed as meaning “not thus” in Ethiopic due to a story that when she became queen she announced that it was “not thus is it good to worship the sun, but it is right to worship God”, moving the religion of the time from animism to monotheism.

The Queen of Sheba is a fascinating woman in history so I posted up a few links below for anyone who might be interested in knowing more.

Links:

http://www.dacb.org/stories/ethiopia/makeda.html

http://www.cafleurebon.com/makeda-is-the-true-name-of-the-ethiopian-queen-the-wife-of-king-solomon-of-judea/

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/biblepeople/a/60113-Makeda-Sheba-Szczepanski.htm

Amos

Origin: Hebrew

עָמוֹס (Hebrew); Αμως (Ancient Greek)

Meaning: carried (by God).

Amos is one of twleve minor prophets in the Old Testament, who wrote the Book of Amos.

As a surname it seems to have a different origin, coming from Old French Amis meaning “friend” from Latin amicus, a derivative of amare “to love”.

There’s also an ancient city in Turkey called Amos. From what I could find, it comes from Greek, possibly meaning “sandy”.

Eryx

Origin: Greek

Ερυξ (Greek)

Meaning: I’ve seen two different meanings to this name. According to a user-submitted post in Behind the Name, it’s derived from the Greek verb eruko or eryko meaning “to keep in, to curb, to hold back, to restrain”.

According to another source, Llewellyn’s Complete Book of Names by K.M. Heard, the name might be derived from Greek ereugomai meaning “to belch out/to disgorge/to blurt out”.

Eryx was the name of an ancient city and mountain in Sicily, now known as Erice.

In Greek mythology, Eryx is either the son of Aphrodite and Poseidon, or Butes (who was with the Argonauts). He was killed by Hercules in a wrestling match.

Variants: Erix could be a variant spelling of the name. Eryxo is a feminine form of the name, as well as Erycina, which was also an epithet of Aphrodite.

Eryx is also the name of a genus of nonvenomous boas in southeast Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and southwest Asia.